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| Aptitude Interview Questions And Answers
A man is standing on a railway bridge which is 180m long. He finds that a train crosses the bridge in 20seconds but himself in 8 seconds. Find the length of the train and its speed.
Ans: length of train=120m
Speed of train=54kmph
Sol: Let the length of the train be x meters
Then, the train covers x meters in 8 seconds and (x + 180) meters in 20 seconds.
Therefore x/8 = (x+180)/20 ó 20x = 8(x+180) ó x = 120
Therefore Length of the train = 120m
Speed of the train = 120/8 m/sec = 15 m/sec =15 * 18/5 kmph = 54kmph
A man sells an article at a profit of 25%. If he had bought it at 20 % less and sold it for Rs.10.50 less, he would have gained 30%. Find the cost price of the article?
Ans: Rs. 50.
Sol: Let the C.P be Rs.x.
1st S.P =125% of Rs.x.= 125*x/100= 5x/4.
2nd C.P=80% of x. = 80x/100 =4x/5.
2nd S.P =130% of 4x/5. = (130/100* 4x/5) = 26x/25.
Therefore, 5x/4-26x/25 = 10.50 or x = 10.50*100/21=50.
Hence, C.P = Rs. 50.
A grosser purchased 80 kg of rice at Rs.13.50 per kg and mixed it with 120 kg rice at Rs. 16 per kg. At what rate per kg should he sell the mixture to gain 16%?
Ans: Rs.17.40 per kg.
Sol: C.P of 200 kg of mix. = Rs (80*13.50+120*16) = Rs.3000.
S.P = 116% of Rs 3000= Rs (116*3000/100) = Rs.3480.
Rate of S.P of the mixture = Rs.3480/200.per kg. = Rs.17.40 per kg.
Two persons A and B working together can dig a trench in 8 hrs while A alone can dig it in 12 hrs. In how many hours B alone can dig such a trench?
Sol: (A+B)’s one hour’s work =1/8, A’s one hour’s work =1/12
Therefore, B’s one hour’s work = (1/8-1/12) =1/24.
Hence, B alone can dig the trench in 24 hours.
A and B can do a piece of work in 12 days ; B and C can do it in 20 days. In how many days will A, B and C finishes it working all together?
Also, find the number of days taken by each to finish it working alone?
Sol: (A+B)’s one day’s work=1/12; (B+C)’s one day’s work=1/15 and (A+C)’s one day’s
Adding, we get: 2(A+B+C)’s one day’s work = (1/12+1/15+1/20)=1/5.
Therefore, (A+B+C)’s one day’s work=1/10.
Thus, A, B and C together can finish the work in 10 days.
Now, A’s one day’s work
= [(A+B+C)’s one day’s work] – [(B+C)’s one day’s work]
Therefore, A alone can finish the work in 30 days.
Similarly, B’s 1 day’s work = (1/10 -1/20) = 1/20.
Therefore, B alone can finish the work in 20 days.
And, C’s 1 day’s work= (1/10-1/12) = 1/60.
Therefore, C alone can finish the work in 60 days.