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65. A merchant mixes three varieties of rice costing Rs.20/kg, Rs.24/kg and Rs.30/kg and sells the mixture at a profit of 20% at Rs.30 / kg. How many kgs of the second variety will be in the mixture if 2 kgs of the third variety is there in the mixture?
If the selling price of mixture is Rs.30/kg and the merchant makes a profit of 20%, then the cost price of the mixture = = Rs.25/kg.
We need to find out the ratio in which the three varieties are mixed to obtain a mixture costing Rs.25 /kg.
Let variety A cost Rs.20/kg, variety B cost Rs.24 / kg and variety C cost Rs.30/kg. The mean desired price falls between B and C.
Step 1: Find out the ratio QA : QC using alligation rule.
Step 2: Find out the ratio QB : QC using alligation rule.
Step 3: QC is found by adding the value of QC in step 1 and step 2 = 1 + 1 = 2
Therefore, the required ratio = 1 : 5 : 2
If there are 2 kgs of the third variety in the mixture, then there will be 5 kgs of the second variety in the mixture.
66. Rs.432 is divided amongst three workers A, B and C such that 8 times A’s share is equal to 12 times B’s share which is equal to 6 times C’s share. How much did A get?
8 times A’s share = 12 times B’s share = 6 times C’s share.
Note that this is not the same as the ratio of their wages being 8 : 12 : 6
In this case, find out the L.C.M of 8, 12 and 6 and divide the L.C.M by each of the above numbers to get the ratio of their respective shares.
The L.C.M of 8, 12 and 6 is 24.
Therefore, the ratio A:B:C :: => A : B : C :: 3 : 2 : 4
The sum of the total wages = 3x + 2x + 4x = 432 => 9x = 432 or x = 48.
Hence A gets 3 * 48 = Rs. 144.
67. A zookeeper counted the heads of the animals in a zoo and found it to be 80. When he counted the legs of the animals he found it to be 260. If the zoo had either pigeons or horses, how many horses were there in the zoo?
Let the number of horses = x
Then the number of pigeons = 80 – x.
Each pigeon has 2 legs and each horse has 4 legs.
Therefore, total number of legs = 4x + 2(80-x) = 260
=>4x + 160 – 2x = 260
=>2x = 100
=>x = 50.
68. A group of workers can do a piece of work in 24 days. However as 7 of them were absent it took 30 days to complete the work. How many people actually worked on the job to complete it?
Let the original number of workers in the group be 'x'
Therefore, actual number of workers = x-7.
We know that the number of manhours required to do the job is the same in both the cases.
Therefore, x (24) = (x-7).30
24x = 30x - 210
6x = 210
x = 35.
Therfore, the actual number of workers who worked to complete the job = x - 7 = 35 -7 = 28.