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 Aptitude Interview Questions And Answers 69. How many litres of water should be added to a 30 litre mixture of milk and water containing milk and water in the ratio of 7 : 3 such that the resultant mixture has 40% water in it? Ans: 30 litres of the mixture has milk and water in the ratio 7 : 3. i.e. the solution has 21 litres of milk and 9 litres of water. When you add more water, the amount of milk in the mixture remains constant at 21 litres. In the first case, before addition of further water, 21 litres of milk accounts for 70% by volume. After water is added, the new mixture contains 60% milk and 40% water. Therefore, the 21 litres of milk accounts for 60% by volume. Hence, 100% volume = = 35 litres. We started with 30 litres and ended up with 35 litres. Therefore, 5 litres of water was added. 70. The ratio of marks obtained by vinod and Basu is 6:5. If the combined average of their percentage is 68.75 and their sum of the marks is 275, find the total marks for which exam was conducted Solution: Let Vinod marks be 6x and Basu's is 5x. Therefore, the sum of the marks = 6x + 5x = 11x. But the sum of the marks is given as 275 = 11x. We get x = 25 therefore, vinod marks is 6x = 150 and Basu marks = 5x = 125. Therefore, the combined average of their marks = (150 + 125) / 2 = 137.5. If the total mark of the exam is 100 then their combined average of their percentage is 68.75 Therefore, if their combined average of their percentage is 137.5 then the total marks would be (137.5 / 68.75)*100 = 200. 71. A spherical ball of radius 'r' placed on the ground subtends an angle of 600 at point A of the ground. What is the distance between the center of the ball and the point A? Solution: In an equilateral triangle all three sides are of the same length and let this be 'a' units. From the diagram it is clear that OA is the angle bisector of angle LAM. Therefore, angle OAL = 30In the right triangle OAL, sin 30 = We know that OL is the radius of the sphere = r Therefore, Or OA = 2r 72. If the cost price of 20 articles is equal to the selling price of 16 articles, What is the percentage of profit or loss that the merchant makes? Solution: Let Cost price of 1 article be Re.1. Therefore, Cost price of 20 articles = Rs. 20. Selling price of 16 articles = Rs. 20 Therefore, Selling price of 20 articles = (20/16) * 20 = 25 Profit = Selling price - Cost price = 25 - 20 = 5 Percentage of profit = Profit / Cost price * 100. = 5 / 20 * 100 = 25% Profit  