GE 2211 - ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
|UNIT I ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
Definition, scope and importance of environment – need for public awareness - concept
of an ecosystem – structure and function of an ecosystem – producers, consumers and
decomposers – energy flow in the ecosystem – ecological succession – food chains,
food webs and ecological pyramids – Introduction, types, characteristic features,
structure and function of the (a) forest ecosystem (b) grassland ecosystem (c) desert
ecosystem (d) aquatic ecosystems (ponds, streams, lakes, rivers, oceans, estuaries) –
Introduction to biodiversity definition: genetic, species and ecosystem diversity –
biogeographical classification of India – value of biodiversity: consumptive use,
productive use, social, ethical, aesthetic and option values – Biodiversity at global,
national and local levels – India as a mega-diversity nation – hot-spots of biodiversity –
threats to biodiversity: habitat loss, poaching of wildlife, man-wildlife conflicts –
endangered and endemic species of India – conservation of biodiversity: In-situ and exsitu
conservation of biodiversity.
Field study of common plants, insects, birds
Field study of simple ecosystems – pond, river, hill slopes, etc.
|UNIT IIECOSYSTEMS AND BIODIVERSITY 9
Concepts of an Ecosystem – Structure and Function of an Ecosystem – Producers,
Consumers and Decomposers – Energy Flow in the Ecosystem – Ecological Succession
– Food Chains, Food Webs and Ecological Pyramids – Introduction, Types,
Characteristic Features, Structure and Function of the (A) Forest Ecosystem (B)
Grassland Ecosystem (C) Desert Ecosystem (D) Aquatic Ecosystems (Ponds, Streams,
Lakes, Rivers, Oceans, Estuaries) – Introduction to Biodiversity – Definition: Genetic,
Species and Ecosystem Diversity – Biogeographical Classification of India – Value of
Biodiversity: Consumptive Use, Productive Use, Social, Ethical, Aesthetic and Option
Values – Biodiversity at Global, National and Local Levels – India as a Mega-Diversity
Nation – Hot-Spots of Biodiversity – Threats to Biodiversity: Habitat Loss, Poaching of
Wildlife, Man-Wildlife Conflicts – endangered and Endemic Species of India –
Conservation of Biodiversity: In-Situ and Ex-Situ conservation of Biodiversity.
Field Study of Common Plants, Insects and Birds - Field Study of Simple Ecosystems –
Pond, River, Hill Slopes, etc.
|UNIT III ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION
(c) Soil pollution (d) Marine pollution (e) Noise pollution (f) Thermal pollution (g) Nuclear
hazards – soil waste management: causes, effects and control measures of municipal
solid wastes – role of an individual in prevention of pollution – pollution case studies –
disaster management: floods, earthquake, cyclone and landslides.
Field study of local polluted site – Urban / Rural / Industrial / Agricultural.
|UNIT IVSOCIAL ISSUES AND THE ENVIRONMENT
From unsustainable to sustainable development – urban problems related to energy –
water conservation, rain water harvesting, watershed management – resettlement and
rehabilitation of people; its problems and concerns, case studies – role of nongovernmental
organization- environmental ethics: Issues and possible solutions –
climate change, global warming, acid rain, ozone layer depletion, nuclear accidents and
holocaust, case studies. – wasteland reclamation – consumerism and waste products –
environment production act – Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) act – Water
(Prevention and control of Pollution) act – Wildlife protection act – Forest conservation
act – enforcement machinery involved in environmental legislation- central and state
pollution control boards- Public awareness.
|UNIT VHUMAN POPULATION AND THE ENVIRONMENT
Population growth, variation among nations – population explosion – family welfare
programme – environment and human health – human rights – value education – HIV /
AIDS – women and child welfare – role of information technology in environment and
human health – Case studies
1. Masters, G.M., “Introduction to Environmental Engineering and Science”, Pearson
Education Pvt., Ltd., 2nd Edition, 2004.
2. Miller, T.G. Jr., “Environmental Science”, Wadsworth Pub. Co.
3. Townsend C., Harper, J. and Begon, M., “Essentials of Ecology”, Blackwell Science,
4. Trivedi, R.K., and Goel, P.K., “Introduction to Air Pollution”, Techno- Science
1. Erach, B., “The Biodiversity of India”, Mapin Publishing Pvt. Ltd., Ahmedabad, India.
2. Trivedi, R.K., “Handbook of Environmental Law’s, Rules, Guidelines,Compliances
and Standards”, Vol - I and II, Envio Media.
3. Cunningham., Cooper, W.P. and Gorhani, T.H., “Environmental Encyclopedia”, Jaico
Publishing House, Mumbai, 2001.
5. Wages, K.D., “Environmental Management”, W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, USA,